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smtpがコマンドラインから機能しているかどうかを確認する方法(Linux)

私はSMTPサーバーを持っています、この質問の目的のためにそれを呼ぶことができます:smtp.mydomain.com。

SMTPサーバーが機能しているかどうかをどのように確認しますか? LinuxのコマンドラインからEメールを送信できますか?

121
balanv

のようなあなたのSMTPサーバにTelnetで接続します

telnet smtp.mydomain.com 25

構文:

telnet {smtp_domain_name} {port_number}

下記をコピーして貼り付けます

helo your_domain.com
mail from:<[email protected]_domain.com>
rcpt to:<[email protected]_domain.com>
data
From: [email protected]_domain.com
Subject: test mail from command line

this is test number 1
sent from linux box
.

注:「。」を忘れないでください。メッセージの終わりを表す終わり

私はこれをウェブ上で発見し、そしてこれをStack Overflowに追加しました。

163
balanv

Telnetを使ってpostfixや他のSMTPをテストすることについての唯一のことはあなたがコマンドと構文を知らなければならないということです。代わりに、単に swaks :)を使用してください。

[email protected]:~$ 
[email protected]:~$ mail -f Maildir
"/home/thufir/Maildir": 4 messages
>    1 [email protected]                   15/553   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 10:15:12 -0800
     2 [email protected]                   15/581   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 10:15:55 -0800
     3 [email protected]                   15/581   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 10:29:57 -0800
     4 [email protected]                   15/581   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 11:54:16 -0800
? q
Held 4 messages in /home/thufir/Maildir
[email protected]:~$ 
[email protected]:~$ swaks --to [email protected]
=== Trying dur.bounceme.net:25...
=== Connected to dur.bounceme.net.
<-  220 dur.bounceme.net ESMTP Postfix (Ubuntu)
 -> EHLO dur.bounceme.net
<-  250-dur.bounceme.net
<-  250-PIPELINING
<-  250-SIZE 10240000
<-  250-VRFY
<-  250-ETRN
<-  250-STARTTLS
<-  250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
<-  250-8BITMIME
<-  250 DSN
 -> MAIL FROM:<[email protected]>
<-  250 2.1.0 Ok
 -> RCPT TO:<[email protected]>
<-  250 2.1.5 Ok
 -> DATA
<-  354 End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF>
 -> Date: Mon, 30 Dec 2013 14:33:17 -0800
 -> To: [email protected]
 -> From: [email protected]
 -> Subject: test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 14:33:17 -0800
 -> X-Mailer: swaks v20130209.0 jetmore.org/john/code/swaks/
 -> 
 -> This is a test mailing
 -> 
 -> .
<-  250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as 52D162C3EFF
 -> QUIT
<-  221 2.0.0 Bye
=== Connection closed with remote Host.
[email protected]:~$ 
[email protected]:~$ mail -f Maildir
"/home/thufir/Maildir": 5 messages 1 new
     1 [email protected]                   15/553   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 10:15:12 -0800
     2 [email protected]                   15/581   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 10:15:55 -0800
     3 [email protected]                   15/581   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 10:29:57 -0800
     4 [email protected]                   15/581   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 11:54:16 -0800
>N   5 [email protected]                   15/581   test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 14:33:17 -0800
? 5
Return-Path: <[email protected]>
X-Original-To: [email protected]
Delivered-To: [email protected]
Received: from dur.bounceme.net (localhost [127.0.0.1])
    by dur.bounceme.net (Postfix) with ESMTP id 52D162C3EFF
    for <[email protected]>; Mon, 30 Dec 2013 14:33:17 -0800 (PST)
Date: Mon, 30 Dec 2013 14:33:17 -0800
To: [email protected]
From: [email protected]
Subject: test Mon, 30 Dec 2013 14:33:17 -0800
X-Mailer: swaks v20130209.0 jetmore.org/john/code/swaks/
Message-Id: <[email protected]>

This is a test mailing

New mail has arrived.
? q
Held 5 messages in /home/thufir/Maildir
[email protected]:~$ 

それはただ一つの簡単な命令です。

26
Thufir
[[email protected] tmp]# mail -v [email protected]
Subject: Test
Hello world
Cc:  <Ctrl+D>

[email protected] Connecting to [127.0.0.1] via relay...
220 piwik-dev.example.com ESMTP Sendmail 8.13.8/8.13.8; Thu, 23 Aug 2012 10:49:40 -0400
>>> EHLO piwik-dev.example.com
250-piwik-dev.example.com Hello localhost.localdomain [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-PIPELINING
250-8BITMIME
250-SIZE
250-DSN
250-ETRN
250-DELIVERBY
250 HELP
>>> MAIL From:<[email protected]> SIZE=46
250 2.1.0 <[email protected]>... Sender ok
>>> RCPT To:<[email protected]>
>>> DATA
250 2.1.5 <[email protected]>... Recipient ok
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
>>> .
250 2.0.0 q7NEneju002633 Message accepted for delivery
[email protected] Sent (q7NEneju002633 Message accepted for delivery)
Closing connection to [127.0.0.1]
>>> QUIT
221 2.0.0 piwik-dev.example.com closing connection
17
Satish

これが助けになるかどうかはわからないが、これはSMTPサーバーからテストメールを簡単に送ることができるコマンドラインツールである。 http://code.google.com/p/woodpecker-tester/

2
ehsun7b